Twenty-first century Yoga was crafted by four Hindus with a bold, modern fusion of Yoga philosophy, Western science, religion, and the occult
Below is a brief summary and an index of biographical sketches of these four bold founders of Modern Yoga
How four Hindus first developed Modern Yoga is summarized by David Gordon White in The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: A Biography (2014):
“In Calcutta and greater Bengal, the administrative and intellectual center of the British Raj [British government in India], Vedanta-inspired spirituality came to be increasingly embraced by India’s urban elites as a compelling Hindu response to the missionary colonialism of British Christendom. Here, the founders of the leading Indian reform movement known as the Brahmo Samaj fused Nondualist Vedanta with the various currents of Western humanism, spiritualism, esotericism, and social reform that had been introduced by Unitarian churchmen in the early nineteenth century. The leaders–Rammohan Roy (1774-1833), Debendranath Tagore (1817-1905), Keshub Chunder Sen (1838-1884), [Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902)]–drew upon Indian spirituality and Western esotericism to craft a hybrid Vedanta, known as Neo-Vedanta, whose modern-day adherents include several New Age movements and Hindu nationalist organizations as well as nearly every twentieth and twenty-first century Indian and Western yoga guru”1.
Below is an index of my posts, biographical sketches, of these four bold, Modern Yoga leaders:
Rammohan Roy (1774-1833)
Debendranath Tagore (1817-1905)
Keshab Chandra Sen (1838-84)
Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902)
1 p 116. David Gordon White, The Yoga Sutra of Patanjali: A Biography. Princeton University Press. 2014. Print.